Crime in Context
Develops your ability to analyse and comment upon various issues relevant to an understanding of crime and crime control. The module includes exploration of how crime is experienced through gender, ethnicity, social class and age together with wider structural issues. The extent to which crime is socially constructed is explored through analysis of crime statistics and the influence of the media.
Introduction to Criminological Thinking
Introduces you to the ways in which notions of crime and criminality are constructed, explained and understood. You will be introduced to the historical, social and cultural contexts of the development of criminology and the key shifts in criminological thinking about crime and the justice system. The approach is to break down theories into manageable units but also to recognise that theories overlap, develop over time and contradict one another. The focus is on a critical approach to the application of theories which have an impact on criminal justice policy and practice.
An Overview of Justice
This is a shared module for students across the School of Law, Criminal Justice and Computing. The main aim is to introduce you to the various stages of the justice process through a narrative timeline from committing a crime through to judicial conclusion. This illustrates the interdisciplinary nature of the justice process, including ideas such as what constitutes a crime, techniques of detection, policing, forensic investigation and legal perspectives.
Crimes, Punishments and Societies (Applied Criminology single honours only)
This module is an opportunity for you to explore some of the contextual issues that arise when exploring academic areas of criminology, criminal justice and policing. In particular this module is concerned with the different societal, historical, cultural, geographical and political contexts in which crime and justice occur.
Likely optional modules
Applied Criminology Single Honours students are offered optional modules in Criminal Psychology, Policing and Law from across the School of Law, Criminal Justice and Computing. These modules may change, but currently the following modules are offered in the first year and additional modules are offered in years one and two.
Psychology and Crime
Introduces you to key concepts in psychology and the relationship between psychology, criminology and sociology as well as criminal/forensic/legal psychology as a sub-discipline. The module considers how different psychological paradigms explain crime, and covers crime and development such as adolescent and persistent offending, risk and preventative factors and crime in groups. The module also looks at different types of offending, human aggression and sexual offending.
Critical Approaches to Law
This module encourages you to think critically about the law and the way in which it is constructed, conceived and manifested in reality. To do so the module introduces the key elements of legal philosophical thought including positivism, natural law and legal realism. The main aim is to enable to you ‘think outside the box’ with regard to the question ‘what is law?’ To this end the module aims to promote a vision of the law encompassing the social, political, moral and economic context.
Police Practice, Policy and Procedures 1
Provides you with the opportunity to develop knowledge and understanding of basic police practice, policy and procedures in England and Wales. The module considers issues such as the classification of offences, evidence gathering, search, arrest and detention. It is the first of three modules that embed components, enabling students to attain the Certificate in Knowledge of Policing (CKP) which accredits learning for pre-service, supporting flexible entry into the police service.
Crime and Social Control
Builds on the theoretical knowledge of the year one module, Introduction to Criminological Thinking. The primary aim of this module is to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of formal and informal means of control in the historical and social context of crime and responses to crime.
Crime Offenders and Society
Builds on the issues introduced in Crime in Context in year one, and aims to develop your critical understanding of the nature of crime and the characteristics of specific types of crime. The complexity of crime as a problem is a central theme including addressing relatively under-addressed issues such as the criminalisation of certain groups, crimes committed by the state, organised crime and white collar crime.
This module is core for single honours students and optional for combined honours students.
This module addresses the purpose of research and highlights the ethical considerations important to high quality research. This is followed by a critical assessment of some of the key methods used, both quantitative and qualitative, for research design and generating and analysing criminological data.
Likely optional modules
Introduces you to the concept of hate crime in its various forms including; race, religious, homophobic and disability hate crimes. The module examines the issues involved in hate crime and aims to develop your ability to identify relevant academic literature and to engage with the issues. There is particular reference to hate crime victimisation, legislation and the policing of hate crimes.
Media and Crime
Explores the relationship between media, crime and criminal justice. You will explore criminological theories related to media and develop an understanding of the significance of popular culture representations of crime and criminal justice within the public, political and cultural discourse.
Mental Health and Violence
This module gives you the opportunity to explore the relationship between mental health and violent crime, and how this is responded to by the criminal justice system and other institutions. You will learn about criminological and psychiatric research into the relationship between mental disorder and violent offending and the ideologies and practices that are central to the management and treatment of mentally disordered and violent offenders.
Applications of Criminology
This module draws together knowledge and conceptual understanding from years one and two. It consists of a series of research-informed lectures designed to demonstrate the application of theory and research to our understanding of contemporary crime issues. It aims to enable you to apply a range of criminological theories methods and perspectives to in-depth examples of crime and criminal activity. It also explores the strengths and limitations of criminological research.
Youth Crime and Justice
Explores the changing discourses used to address the notion of youth, youth crime and justice. You will investigate contrasting media representations of youth crime and deviance and research in the area of youth offending. You will also explore the link between youth justice policy and legislation and the tension between different ideas about how youth crime should be approached and dealt with.
Individual Study (40 credits)
This module is core if you are a single honours student and optional if you are a student taking 80 credits in Applied Criminology. This module provides you with the opportunity to engage in in-depth study on a topic of your choice individually supervised by a member of the criminology team. It also provides an opportunity to apply your developing research skills and develop a critical appreciation of scholarship and methods of enquiry. There may also be an opportunity for you to undertake an empirical study (subject to achieving 60% plus in the Research Methods module).
Likely optional modules
Prisons and Penology
Examines the nature of prisons and their role in society. It focuses on the aims and objectives of the prison service set within a historical context. It looks at current debates about security, justice and control as well as the privatisation of prisons and prison performance. Central to these issues are questions about what prison is for and whether prison works.
Victims and Victimology
Examines sources of information about victims such as victim surveys, repeat victimisation and fear of crime. It covers theoretical perspectives including positivist, radical, critical and feminist approaches. It also looks at the place of the victim within the criminal justice system and how this has changed over time. It considers victim support initiatives and alternative forms of justice for victims.
Police Cultures and Societies
Explores the challenging notion of police culture and its effectiveness as a means of examining what police officers believe and how they act. It will look at how police culture has evolved through a number of stages and seek to explain the types of behaviour, the politicised dimensions of research into this area of study and the effectiveness of strategies used to transform occupational cultures within law enforcement agencies.
Crime in a Global Context
The aim of this module is to give you the opportunity to explore global criminological issues. You will be encouraged to consider the implications of globalisation on changing crime patterns. Issues included in this module are terrorism, war crimes, state crime, organised crime and human trafficking.